紀登士社會學理論之述評
Anthony Giddens: From Sociological Theory to Social Theory
作者:洪鎌德(Lien-Te Hung) | 首次發表於 2020-07-24 | 第 20 期 October 1996
DOI:https://dx.doi.org/10.6786/TJS.199610.0163
論文資訊 | Article information
摘要 Abstract
劍橋大學社會學教授紀登士是當代英美社會學界著作最豐、聲譽鼎盛的學術泰斗。其國際聲名與德國哈伯馬斯、法國卜地峨與杜赫尼桐頡頑。本文簡要而係統地介紹紀氏生平、著作、學說淵源。特重其引起各方囑目與爭議的「結構兼行動理論」之剖析。此外,對他,有關階級、權力、民族國家、資本主義與現代化之論述有所介紹。文尾對紀氏學說的貢獻及其理論之瑕疵有所論列與評估。

關鍵字:結構兼行動理論、行動、結構、社會實踐、民族國家、現代化 
Anthony Giddens, one of the most distinguished British sociologists, has enlightened the contemporary academic community through his ingenious interpretation of ”the classics” (Marx, Durkheim and Weber) and the works of recent social theorists. Above all, his novel and thought-provoking theory of structuration has aroused intensive debates throughout and exerted a tremendous influence on the world.The article assesses basically the importance of Giddens's theoretical contribution to sociology in particular and social sciences in general, following his own research project from sociological to social theory. It consists of seven sections.Having introduced Giddens to the rather unfamiliar and unversed audience in Taiwan (Sect. 1), the essay briefly traces the path of his academic career and writings until 1995 (Sect. 2). Then it follows a brief analysis of the background and sources for his development of structuration theory (Sect. 3). In a lengthy part of the treatise (Sect. 4), the main features of structuration theory are elaborated and illustrated by a few diagrams. Ln Section 5, the author discusses Giddens's analysis of class, power, nation-state, capitalism and industrialism which manifests his contribution not only to sociological but also to social theory. Section 6 deals with his concept of modernity and how he criticizes modern capitalist society.Finally, in Section 7, the author evaluates Giddens's theoretical contribution and intellectual importance. However, the deficiencies of his theory which his critics have exposed, are also discussed and assessed.

Keywords: Structuration Theory, Action, Structure, Social Practice, Nation-State, Modernity