愛情,像極了投資:同志家族企業的親密關係與經濟
Investment in Love: Relational Work in Gay and Lesbian Family Businesses
作者:王宏仁(Hong-Zen Wang) | 首次發表於 2022-05-27 | 最新一期 Current Issue
DOI:10.6786/TJS.202112_(70).0002
研究論文(Research Articles)
論文資訊 | Article information
摘要 Abstract
本研究以「同志家族企業」為例,來理解親密關係跟經濟活動兩者之間如何互相連結。「家」經常被視為親密關係運作(愛最大)的重要場域,而企業則是展現資本主義(自利)邏輯的組織,這兩個非常不同的運作邏輯,如何共存在家族企業這個場域?本研究從Zelizer的「做關係」(relational work)概念出發,透過訪談經營事業的15對同志,來理解人們如何整合這兩個不同邏輯的世界,讓經濟行動跟親密關係兩者可以適配地運行。
本研究發現:一、對於同志伴侶/配偶而言,創業活動是一個重要的關係交換媒介,用來確認、鞏固、發展親密關係,也成為解決親密關係困境的手段之一;二、透過「結清關係」的過程,我們可以更清楚看到:親密關係與不同的經濟手段、媒介,是高度相互連結在一起,而不是經濟行動鑲嵌在社會/親密關係之中。

關鍵詞:做關係、家族企業、親密關係、創業、同志
This paper explores how people do relational work in family businesses in ways that connect intimacy and economy. Using interview data from fifteen gay and lesbian, and two heterosexual couples who own their own businesses, the author explains connections between intimacy and economy by applying Zelizer's concept of "relational work," which refutes the "hostile world" and "nothing-but" theses. Entrepreneurship is described as an important exchange medium for matching, consolidating, and promoting intimacy, as well as an economic activity for resolving personal intimacy issues. Intimacy clearance is described as a reverse relational work process that confirms intimacy and economy as being highly interconnected, but in a different manner than the Granovetterian economic sociology thesis, in which economy is embedded in social relations.

Keywords: relational work, family business, intimacy, entrepreneurship, LGBTQ+