台灣的新經濟:文獻的回顧與評述
Taiwan's New Economy: A Critical Literature Review
作者:蔡明璋(Ming-Chang Tsai) | 首次發表於 2020-06-30 | 第 34 期 June 2005
DOI:https://dx.doi.org/10.6786/TJS.200506_(34).0005
研究議題與討論(Research Issues)
論文資訊 | Article information
摘要 Abstract
台灣在1980年代中期之後發展的高科技産業,成爲當前帶動成長的新經濟。本文回顧並檢討台灣新經濟的研究,特別是製度取向的研究所累積的研究文獻。制度分析的研究者指出,台灣新經濟的重要成長機制是組織的規模化、企業之間綿密的學習網絡、生産組織與研究單位形成的特殊地方知識體系,以及國家産業政策的支持。本文利用新經濟的理想型做爲對照台灣個案的概念工具,比較歐美工業化國家的新經濟,指出台灣的新經濟並未能掌控突破性的基本科學知識,創投資本所扮演的與業角色與較有限。新經濟是台灣的資本主義生産模式演化的新階段,它重視利潤的累積,但是在社會分配效果的影響頗爲有限,政府對於新經濟産業的分配效果應加以檢討。

關鍵字:産業、科技、社會制度、發展政策、台灣
The high-tech industries that started in Taiwan in the mid-1980s have since become the linchpin of economic growth on the island. The authors review recent studies of this ”new economy”, focusing on researchers who have adopted institutional approaches to identify four keys to Taiwan's recent economic successes: firm scale enlargement, a dense learning network among high-tech firms, a system of local knowledge derived from firms and research institutes, and strong state policy support. We used the ideal type of new economy as a conceptual tool to contrast Taiwan's situation with those in fully industrialized societies, and found several weaknesses in the country's new economy in terms of the possession of critical scientific knowledge and the limited role of venture capital in initiation high-tech firms. Furthermore, Taiwan's new economy (as a capitalist mode production) has succeeded in accumulating profits but has been less successful regarding social distribution.

Keywords: industries, science and technology, social institutions, development policy, Taiwan
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