台灣的家務分工:經濟依賴及性別的影響
The Division of Household Labor in Taiwan: Economic Dependence and Gender
作者:蕭英玲(Ying-Ling Hsiao) | 首次發表於 2020-06-30 | 第 34 期 June 2005
DOI:https://dx.doi.org/10.6786/TJS.200506_(34).0003
研究論文(Research Articles)
論文資訊 | Article information
摘要 Abstract
本研究運用性別角色論、時間可利用論、及相對資源論三種觀點來解釋家務分工的現象,並進一步探討性別展現或偏差中和的機制是否影響個人經濟依賴程度與參與家務的關係。資料來源是採自全國性調查之隨機樣本,有效樣本數爲1,874人,包括已婚男性977人,已婚女性897人。研究結果顯示:(1)當控制個人及家戶特質變項後,三個論點所增加的解釋力皆達顯著水準,其中以相對資源論對已婚男性及女性參與家務比例的相對重要性最高,其次爲性別角色論,時間可利用論只對已婚女性參與家務的比例具有解釋力;(2)已婚男女性的經濟依賴程度與其參與家務的比例呈線性相關,而非曲線相關。亦即,台灣已婚者大致上依循交換原則的行爲模式:擁有經濟資源者,在家務分工上較有協商的權力;經濟依賴程度較高者,較容易以勞力來換取維持生存所需之資源。因此,經濟依賴程度與台灣家務分工之間的關係並未呈現性別展現或是偏差中和的現象。

關鍵字:家務分工、經濟依賴、性別
According to the literature, three main theoretical perspectives on the process of household labor allocation are gender role, time availability, and relative resources. The author examines the effects of the three perspectives’ determinants and of gender display on the relationship between economic dependence and housework. The data used in the study came from a national sample of married people (n=1,874; 977 men, 897 women). Individual and household characteristics were controlled for in regression analyses of factors related to male/female proportions of housework. The results show greater support for the relative resources and gender role perspectives than for the time availability model. The results also indicate a linear (as opposed to curvilinear) relationship between economic dependence and the respective proportions of housework performed by married men an women. These findings suggest that the link between housework and economic dependence complies with rules of economic exchange rather than gender display or deviance neutralization processes.

Keywords: division of household labor, economic dependence, gender